Rosacea is a non-contagious skin condition that generally starts as flushing or redness on the cheeks, nose, forehead and chin.
Some other common symptoms include burning or stinging across the cheeks and nose, dilated blood vessels and watery, irritated eyes. Rosacea is commonly misdiagnosed as acne since irritated bumps and pimples occur. As Rosacea exacerbates, visual blood vessels appear and swelling can occur. Treating Rosacea symptoms before they become severe is vital in preventing permanent facial abnormalities and emotional distress. Rosacea is more common in women than men and is usually detected early. Rosacea in men often includes the additional manifestation of rhinophyma (bulbous nose).
It is not clear what causes Rosacea although there are many theories. Rosacea is usually present in individuals with light,fair skin who are of Irish, Scottish, English and Eastern European descent. It can however, be apparent in any skin type.
Understanding triggers that exacerbate Rosacea is very important in preventing frequency and progression of symptoms. Some common triggers include foods, especially spicy ones, alcohol, heat and sun exposure and physical exertion. Emotional stress, skin care products heavy in perfume and essential oils can also add to the problem. Rosacea cannot be ‘cured’ but the symptoms can be managed and controlled. The earlier Rosacea is detected, the better the chance of decreasing the symptoms.
When treating Rosecea, there are different treatments options available for each specific type of Rosacea. A combination of treatments is best for optimal results. Intense Pulse Light Therapy is effective in reducing flushing and dilated blood vessels. Topical medications are also highly effective. Use of Sunscreens with an SPF of 30 or higher has also proven beneficial.
Home care tips:
- Use a non-irritating cleanser that is free of essential oils and alcohol. Everyday soaps and detergents are often too irritating. A cleanser should remove dirt and debris but not upset the natural PH of the skin. Use fingertips and gently wash the face in circular motions. Do not use scrubs, sponges or abrasive cloths.
- Rinse the cleanser off with lukewarm water. Do not use cold or hot water, as it can cause irritation or redness. Dry face with a soft towel and blot gently.
- Those with Rosacea are more sensitive immediately after the face is washed. Wait 15-20 minutes before applying any topical ointments or antibiotics. This will reduce the possibility of experiencing burning or stinging sensations on the skin.
- After applying the topical medications, wait until products have absorbed fully and then apply the moisturizer and sunscreen.
- It is also recommended that a high quality mineral make up is applied, since the use of such a product prevents the absorption of bacteria.